Zoology

Collections

Zoology

The zoological collections of the SMNS hold species and specimens (in total c. 1,350,000 objects) from around the world, their historical significance reach far beyond a southwest German focus. Owing to the manifold taxonomic interests of individual early naturalists leaving their collections to the Natural History Museum Stuttgart, significant parts of the historical zoological collections share a similar provenance. The present growth of the collections (physical specimens as well as DNA samples) is tightly linked to our research in tropical biodiversity hotspots and on native fauna – the latter including, e.g., time series of bird morphology, highly endangered species (e.g. thick shelled river mussel, groundwater snails), invasive (e.g. bullfrog) or socially controversial species (e.g. beaver, greylag goose).

History

The zoological collections are characterised by a large proportion of historical material collected before 1900. Particularly noteworthy are the collections of P. Bleeker (Indonesia), C. B. Klunzinger (Germany, Red Sea), A. Krämer (Pacific), F. von Mueller (Australia and New Zealand), Baron C. von Ludwig (Africa), A. Kappler (South America), T. von Heuglin (Africa), S. Clessin (Central Europe) and Duke Paul von Württemberg (Africa, America, Australia).

Online Catalogue

FishBase

GBIF

VertNet

Collections

Amphibia, Reptilia (amphibians and reptiles)
27,000, with 240 type specimens
Aves (birds)
154,000, with 120 type specimens
Mammalia (mammals)
54,000, with 236 type specimens
Mollusca, marin Invertebrates (molluscs and diverse marine invertebrates)
1,000,000, with ca. 1000 type series
Pisces (fishes)
150,000, with 492 type series (>1000 type specimens)

Type catalogue

Collection